Nuremberg was first mentioned in the historial record in 1050. It is often referred to as having been the 'unofficial capital' of the Holy Roman Empire, particularly because the Imperial Diet (Reichstag) and courts met at Nuremberg Castle. It became, with Augsburg, one of the two great trade centers on the route from Italy to Northern Europe. The cultural flowering of Nuremberg, in the 15th and 16th centuries, made it the centre of the German Renaissance, including connections to Albrecht Durer and Nicolaus Copernicus. The city rose, then fell, and recovered its importance only in the 19th century, when it grew as an industrial centre. Hitler favored it during World War II, holding huge rallies there. After the war, its Palace of Justice was the site of the trials of German officials involved in war crimes.

  A local guide took us to Zeppelin Field where Hitler held massive rallies.   

  Another local guide took us to the Hall of Justice where the Nuremberg trial was held.


  We waited for the Glockenspiel which came alive at noon (see the courtiers marching around the king)   

The inside of the cathedral gave us rest, and a chance to hear the organist practice.  

In the afternoon, Tom and I went to the Documentation Center to experience the rise and fall of Hitler.

Remember that you are looking at Nuremberg photos.