Würzburg was a Merovingian seat from about 650, and Christianized in 686 by Irish missionaries Kilian, Kolonat and Totnan. Massacres of Jews took place in 1147 and 1298. The Würzburg witch trials, which occurred between 1626 and 1631, burned between six hundred and nine hundred alleged witches. In 1814, the town became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria. It was here in the late 19th century that Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered the x-ray. The Residenz is one of Europe's most impressive Baroque palaces, built between 1719 and 1744, housing the prince-bishops of Würzburg.

Würzburg is the capital of Unterfranken (Lower Franconia). It was not an important target, and it largely escaped the devastation of many German cities, until 16 March 1945, when a fleet of 225 British Lancaster bombers dropped some 256 high explosive and aerial mines and 300,000 incendiary bombs -- 927 tons of bombs -- on Würzburg. The incendiaries started a firestorm in the old wooden houses that eventually consumed nearly 90 percent of the city. Up to 5,000 people lost their lives. The city has been almost entirely reconstructed. Today, Würzburg is a wine-making center and prestigious university city. The name is presumably of Celtic origin, but based on a folk etymological connection to the German word Würze "herb, spice".


There is a whimsy in Würzburg about knitting and crochetting that is evident in the (R) photo.


Notice the three small squares in front of this building in Würzburg.
At the beginning of WWII, it was the home of the Nussbaums, since rebuilt. However, the Germans remember.

All through Germany, these bronze plaques are embedded in the sidewalks for Jews who were railroaded to concentration camps. Here are some more photos of these plaques, (L) from Wertheim, (R) from Würzburg. I'm saddened by the barbarity of it all.








I recently read a New Yorker piece by Elizabeth Kolbert (February 16, 2015) who told about the origins of these bronze squares in the sidewalk. If you want to read it, click the bronze-colored square.


Throughout Germany, there is a tradition of sealing a marriage with a lock attached to a railing of a bridge or beside a river.

I found a lock for a baby attached to the wedding lock.

I even found one that was removable. Ummm, what if the marriage fails?


Remember that you are looking at Würzburg photos.